Your Microbiome even Impacts how Tall you are!

microbiome_lyon_czech_mouse_igf1_growth_research

Research at the University of Lyon (France) and Czech Academy of Sciences have found a previously unknown link between the microbiome and Human growth, as well as a potential therapeutic application for Lactobacillus plantarum.

lyon_microbiome_mouse_czech_igf-1_growthThe microbiome is a hot field for research and Health Biotechs alike, and Europe is home to some of the leaders in the field (such as Enterome and 4D pharma), as well as some interesting collaborations (e.g. between Swiss Ferring and Swedish Karolinska Institutet).

France is also the origin of the world’s first investment fund focused on the Microbiome.

Now, some European researchers published in Science how there is a direct role the Microbiome plays in the growth of young mice suffering from malnutrition.

Chronic Undernutrition leads to slower growth (for mice and human). This is due to complex hormonal mechanisms, that result in a drop of Insulin-like Growth Factor 1 (IGF-1) – a key hormone for normal growth.

microbiome_igf_human_growth_lyon_mouse_czech_science

The role of Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 includes weight gain, bone growth as well as other more complex endocrine control pathways (Source: Alpco)

In an effort to better understand these mechanisms the researchers designed an experiment with germ-free mice (which are born and raised in sterile conditions) compared to mice with a normal Microbiome.

The researchers observed that germ-free mice were smaller than the others due to starvation (i.e. undernutrition). They had lower levels of IGF-1, so had gained less weight during growth and their bones were thinner and more fragile.

Inspired by their previous work in the growth of Drosophila (fruit fly), the researchers also looked into cultures of Lactobacillus plantarumwhich was suspected to produce IGF-1.

Their hypothesis was that this bacteria could aid growth. To test this they used mono-colonized mice (germ-free mice that were inoculated with a single type of bacteria).

microbiome_growth_lyon_science_lactobacillus_plantarum_IGF1

Figure 1. Germ-free mice (GF) were little and had small bones compared to mice with a normal Microbiome (wild type – WT). A second group of mice (LP) were given two strains of the probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum.

The hungry mice with a Lactobacillus plantarum ‘microbiome’ produced more IGF-1 (and were heavier and bigger) than germ-free mice. So this bacterial strain alone could have an important role in growth regulation…

This is more fascinating research on the influence of the microbiome. Maybe there is even room for a microbiome growth therapy from a potential Lyon-based spin-off?


Feature Image Credit: Remix of Graphics by Labiotech

Fig.1. Schwarzer et al. (2016) Lactobacillus plantarum strain maintains growth of infant mice during chronic undernutrition, Science (doi: 10.1126/science.aad8588)

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